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Sports Physiology

Prepared by: Michael Roeger, Research Consultant, Clearinghouse for Sport
Reviewed by: Australasian Sport Information Network
Last updated: 13 October 2020
Content disclaimer: See Clearinghouse for Sport disclaimer

Physiology is the biological science focussed on how organisms, organ systems, individual organs, cells, and biomolecules carry out their functions in a living system (e.g. the human body). In the case of exercise, physiology looks at the acute responses and chronic adaptations to a wide-range of physical exercise conditions.

A sports physiologist studies these responses in athletes, in response to training and competition, to enhance and refine overall fitness and athletic performance.

What does a sports physiologist do?
A sports physiologist performs a broad range of tasks which contribute to the performance of an individual or team of athletes.

Physiology research and practice
Due to the diverse nature of the discipline of sports physiology there are a number of sub-disciplines


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