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Sports Performance Recovery

Prepared by: Christine May, Senior Research Consultant, Clearinghouse for Sport
Reviewed by: Australasian Sport Information Network
Last updated: 13 October 2020
Content disclaimer: See Clearinghouse for Sport disclaimer

Recovery after training and competition allows athletes to return to their normal physiological and psychological state as rapidly as possible. Various techniques are employed by athletes so that performance in their next competition or training session will not be unduly compromised by muscle soreness and/or fatigue.

There is increasing scientific evidence supporting the benefits of recovery techniques to enhance human performance in various physical exercise and fitness domains—and these are not limited to elite sports athletes.

Some examples of ways to enhance recovery include:

  • Sleep and rest
  • Nutrition
  • Periodisation
  • Warm-down
  • Massage
  • Hydrotherapy
  • Compression garments
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Travel strategies


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