Female Athlete Triad

Female Athlete Triad 
Prepared by  Prepared by: Dr Ralph Richards, Senior Research Consultant, Clearinghouse for Sport, Australian Sports Commission
evaluated by  Evaluation by: Megan Ross, PhD, Postdoctoral Fellow, Sports Nutrition, Australian Institute of Sport, Australian Sports Commission
Reviewed by  Reviewed by network: Australian Sport Information Network (AUSPIN)
Last updated  Last updated: 7 March 2017
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Sports and exercise are part of a balanced, healthy lifestyle. Some females who play sport or exercise intensely may be at risk of developing a syndrome of three interrelated conditions that exist on a continuum of severity; the female athlete triad. The female athlete triad is a combination of three conditions:

  • Energy Deficit/Disordered Eating
  • Menstrual Disturbances/Amenorrhea
  • Bone Loss/Osteoporosis

Key Messages 


Some females who play sport or exercise intensely may be susceptible to the ‘female athlete triad’.


The causes of the Triad have been identified, as well as a number of risk factors associated with the condition.


Diagnosis and treatment of the female athlete triad should be completed by a team of medical specialists.

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