Italy

 

Prepared by: Greg Blood, Emeritus Researcher, Australian Institute of Sport
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Index of content:

Introduction

Table 1: Key national performance metrics -

Population Annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

Summer Olympic
Gold Medal Ranking (2016)

Winter Olympic 
Gold Medal Ranking (2014)
Summer Paralympic Gold Medal Ranking (2016) Winter Paralympic Gold Medal Ranking (2014)
61 million 2.013 trillion USD (2012 9th 22nd 9th -

 - did not medal

Sport structure and governance

Government 

Structure  

Funding to Sport

Since 1948, CONI had exclusive gambling rights over competitions and events it was responsible for. The decline in gambling revevues has led to the Government  regularising payment in Olympic cycles  to CONI irrespective gambling revenues. 

Table 2: Government funding to CONI

Organisation 2014 

2015

CONI  € 415.1 million  € 405.7 million

Sources: CONI Budgets and Financial Statements 2014 & 2015


High performance system 

High Performance Organisations

High Performance Summary

Performance Targets

  • At the London Olympics, CONI's aim was to win 30 medals and finish in the top 10 in the medal tally.
  • At the Rio Olympics, CONI's aim is to win 25 medals. [Source:   Malagò sets 25 medal target for Rio Olympics ANSA Italy , 25 April 2016]

Funding to high performance sport

CONI funding in 2014

- 2014 - €137.4 million for the Olympic and High-Level Training

- 2014 - €4.2 million in grants related to the Olympic Club

- 2014 - €3.25 million for Military Sports Groups

- 2014 - €13 million, and the investments of over €2 million for the Olympic Training Centers in Rome, Formia and Tirrenia

[Source:Destination Rio", Malagò and Mornati present programs for the 2016 Olympic Games, 27 October 2014, CONI website]

Table 3:  CONI funding to Olympic Sports 2013

 Sports  2013  2014
 Archery  €1,342,347  na
 Athletics  €4,356,310  €5 m
 Badminton  €987,453   na
 Basketball  €2,570,840   na
 Boxing  €2,570,840   na
Canoeing  €2,084,742   na
Cycling   €3,377,563   na
 Diving  combined with swimming   na
 Equestrian  €1,673,094   na
 Fencing  €3,244,273  €3.8 m
 Football €53,160,462   €37.5 m
 Golf  € 889,087   na
 Gymnastics  €2,999,090  €3.5 m
 Handball  €977,722   na
 Hockey  €1,193,658   na
 Ice Hockey   €1,252,847   na
 Ice Sports  €2,200,437   na
 Judo  €3,052,408   na
 Modern pentathlon  €1,046,380   na
 Rowing  €2,634,040   na
 Rugby €1,871,798    na
 Sailing  €2,152,099   na
 Shooting  €1,473,015   na
 Skiing  €3,706,742   na
 Swimming  €4,012,243  €4.7m
 Taekwondo  €1,323,241   na
 Table Tennis  €1,025,767   na
 Triathlon  €980,584   na
 Water Polo combined with swimming  
 Weightlifting  €1,330,291   na
 Wrestling  combined with judo   na

na - not available

[Source: CONI 2013 Sports Funding and Less money for Italian soccer (but still way ahead of other sports,ItalyEurope 24, 4 November 2014]

Operating Approach

  • CONI Servizi SpA, 100% owned by the Ministry of Economy, is the operating company of the Italian National Olympic Committee's (CONI) activities. It has the following functions:  manages the National Olympic Training Centre, the School of Sport, the Institute of Medicine and Science in Sports, provides high level advisory services to the sports facilities and is redeveloping the Foro Italico park, the largest sports complex in Italy.
  • Italy (CONI, which has 1,200 employees) 
  • CONI provides funding to national sports organisations for elite sport and sport development.
  • CONI funding to national sports organisations is based on medals and number of participants.
  • It manages financial assistance to athletes through the Olympic Club

Direct Athlete Assistance 

 CONI Olympic Club assistance: 

 "GOLD" category  - won gold medals in London and Sochi -  €30,000 (until 2015).

 "MEDAL" category  - won silver or bronze medals in London and Sochi -  €20,000

"ELITE" category - ranked fourth in London and Sochi , and the athletes who are ranked within the specific parameters required as part of their discipline during the post-olympic year -  €16,000.

High Performance Centres

Italy is reported to have four nation training Centres managed by CONI. The Global Sporting Arms Race noted that reduction in funding to COINI in 2000 resulted in a downgrading of facilities and even temporary closure.

Table 4: High performance centres

Name Sports
 Foro Italico Park (Olympic Park)  
 Centro di Preparazione Olimpica di Formia  Athletics, Fencing, Taekwondo, Gymnastics, Boxing, Judo, Sailing, Beach Volleyball, Tennis, Weightlifting
 Centro di Preparazione Olympica di Tirrenia  Baseball, Basketball, Tennis
 Centro di Preparazione Olimpica Acqua Acetosa “Giulio Onesti  Football, Taekwondo, Fencing, Gymnastics, Weightlifting, Modern Pentathlon, Diving, Volleyball, Hockey, Swimming, Synchro Swimming, Basketball, Beach Volleyball, Triathlon, Rugby


Athlete Career and Education


Coaching and leadership development

  •  Scuola dello Sport  in co-operation with NSO's is responsible for high level coaching and administration qualifications

Sports science, medicine and technology 

  • L’Istituto di Medicina e Scienza dello Sport - primarily conducts sports medicine and training science research. Furthermore, an effort is being made to build up an extensive advice system in cooperation with Italian universities.
  • CONI works with the National Research Council in sport science and other sport research.


Results and statistics 

Olympic Games Medal Reports -  Podium and Top 8 Placings (Infostrada)

 Table 5: Summer Olympic Games (2000-2016) medal performance analysis

Sydney 2000 Athens 2004 Beijing 2008 London 2012  Rio 2016

Gold medal rank

7th 8th 9th 8th  9th

Medals

Gold - 13
Silver - 8
Bronze - 13
Total - 34

Gold - 10
Silver - 11
Bronze - 11
Total - 31

Gold - 8
Silver - 9
Bronze - 10
Total - 27

Gold -  8
Silver - 9
Bronze - 11
Total -  28 

 Gold - 8
Silver - 12
Bronze - 8
Total - 28

Number of sport medals won

11 15 13  13  10

Number of sports two or more medal won (multi-medal)

9 6 7  9  9
Archery 0 - 1 - 0 = 1 1- 0 - 0 = 1  0 - 1 - 0 = 1 1 - 0 - 0 = 1  -
Athletics 0 - 2 - 0 = 2 2 - 0 - 1 = 3 1 - 0 - 1 = 2

0 - 0 - 1 = 1 

 -
Boxing - 0 - 0 - 1 = 1 1 - 1 - 1 = 3 0 - 2 -1 = 3  -
Canoeing 2 - 0 - 1 = 3 0 - 2 - 0 = 2 0 - 1 - 1 = 2 1 - 0 - 0 = 1  -
Cycling  2 - 0 - 1 = 3 1 - 0 - 0 = 1 0 - 0 - 1 = 1 0 - 0 - 1 = 1  1 - 0 - 1 = 2
Diving - - - -  0 - 0 - 1 = 3
Equestrian 2 - 1 - 1 = 4 1 - 1 - 2 = 4 3 - 1 - 1 = 5 2 - 1 - 1 = 4  2 - 2 - 2 = 6 
Fencing 0 - 2 - 3 = 5 0 - 1 - 1 = 2 2 - 0 - 0 = 2 0 - 1 - 1 = 2  0 - 1 - 1 = 2
Football - 0 - 0 - 1 = 1 - -  -
Gymnastics - 1 - 1 - 1 = 3 - 0 - 0 - 2 = 2  -
Handball - - - - -
Hockey - - - - -
Judo 1 - 0 - 3 = 4 0 - 0 - 1 = 1 1 - 0 - 0 = 1 0 - 0 - 1 = 1  1 - 1 - 0 = 2
Modern Pentathlon - - - -  -
Rowing 1 - 2 - 1 = 4 - 0 - 1 - 0 = 1 0 - 1 - 0 = 1  0 - 0 - 2 = 2
Sailing 1 - 1 - 0 = 2 0 - 0 - 1 = 1 0 - 1 - 1 = 2 -  -
Shooting 0 - 1 - 1 = 2 1 - 2 - 0 = 3 1 - 2 - 0 = 3  2 - 3 - 0 = 5 4 - 0 - 3 = 7
Swimming 3 - 1 - 2 = 6 0 - 1 - 1 = 2 1 - 1 - 0 = 2 0 - 0 - 1 = 1  1 - 1 - 2 = 4
Table Tennis - -

-

-  -
Tennis - - - -  -
Taekwondo - - 0 - 1 - 0 = 1 1 - 0 - 1 = 2   -
Triathlon - - - -  -
Volleyball 0 - 0 - 1 = 1 0 - 1 - 0 = 1 - 0 - 0 - 1 = 1  0 - 2 - 0 = 2
Water Polo  -  1 - 0 - 0 = 1  -  0 - 1 - 0 = 1  0 - 1 - 1 = 2
Weightlifting - --
-  -
Wrestling - - 1 - 0 - 0 = 1 -  0 - 0 - 1 = 1

Table 6: Winter Olympic Games (2002 to 2014) medal performance analysis

Salt Lake 2002 Torino 2006 Vancouver 2010

Sochi 2014

Gold medal rank

7th 9th 16th 22nd

Medals

Gold - 4
Silver -  4
Bronze - 5
Total - 13

Gold - 5
Silver -  0
Bronze - 6
Total - 11

Gold -  1
Silver - 1
Bronze - 3
Total - 5

Gold - 0
Silver - 2
Bronze - 6
Total - 8

Number of sport medals won

6 5 5 5

Number of sports two or more medal won (multi-medal)

2 3 0 2
Alpine skiing  1 - 1 - 1 = 3 1 - 0 - 0 = 1 0 - 1 - 1 = 2
Biathlon - - -  0 - 0 - 1 = 1
Bobsleigh  - 0 - 0 - 1 = 1 -  
Cross country skiing  2 - 2 - 2 = 6 2 - 0 - 2 = 4  0 - 1 - 0 = 1 -
Figure skating 0 - 0 - 1 = 1   -  0 - 0 - 1 = 1
Luge  1 - 0 - 0 = 1  1 - 0 - 1 = 2  0 - 0 - 1 = 1 0 - 0 - 1 = 1
Nordic combined - - 0 - 0 - 1 = 1   -
Short track  0 - 1 - 0 = 1  0 - 0 - 1 = 1  0 - 0 - 1 = 1  0 - 1 - 2 = 3
Skeleton -  
Ski jumping -  - -
Snowboarding 0 - 0 - 1 = 1   0 - 1 - 0 = 1   -
Speedskating  -  2 - 0 - 1 = 3 -

Paralympic Games Medal Reports - Podium and Top 8 Placings (Gracenote)

Table 7: Summer Paralympic Games (2000-2016) medal analysis

Sydney 2000 Athens 2004 Beijing 2008 London 2012  Rio 2016

Gold medal rank

14th 18th 31st 28th  13th

Medals

Gold - 11
Silver - 20
Bronze - 14
Total - 45

Gold - 9
Silver - 8
Bronze - 10
Total - 27

Gold - 4
Silver - 8
Bronze - 7
Total - 19

Gold - 4
Silver - 7
Bronze - 7 
Total -  18

 Gold -  9
Silver - 8
Bronze - 11 
Total - 28

No. sports medalled in

7 5

6

7  6

No. multi-medal sports

6 5 4 4  5
Archery (Wheelchair) 1 - 2 - 1 = 4 3 - 0 - 1 = 4 1 - 1 - 0 = 2 0 -2 - 1 = 3  1 - 1 - 0 = 2
Athletics 4 - 4 - 5 = 13 5 - 4 - 4 = 13

1 - 4 - 4 = 9

0 - 0 - 1 = 1  2 - 3 - 1 = 6
Basketball (Wheelchair) - - - - -
Canoeing  n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a  -
Cycling 3 - 2 - 1 = 6  1 - 1 - 3 = 5 0 - 1 - 2 = 3 2 - 1 - 3 = 6  4 - 3 - 3 = 10
Equestrian - - - -  -
Fencing (Wheelchair) 1 - 7 - 1 = 9 0 -1  - 2 = 3 1 - 0 - 0 = 1 0 - 0 - 1 = 1  0 - 0 - 2 = 2
Goalball - -  - -  -
Judo -  - - -  -
Powerlifting - - - -  -
Rowing  n/a  n/a - 1 - 0 - 0 = 1  -
Sailing - - - -  -
Shooting 0 - 1 - 4 = 5 - - -  -
Swimming  2 - 4 - 1 = 7 0 - 2 - 0 = 2 1 - 1 - 1 = 3 1 - 2 - 0 = 3  2 - 0 - 5 = 7
Table tennis 0 - 1 - 1 = 2 - 0 - 1 - 0 = 1 0 - 2 - 1 = 3  0 - 1 - 0 = 1
Triathlon   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a -
Volleyball - - - -  -

 n/a - not on Paralympic program  

 Table 8 : Winter Paralympic Games 2002-2014 Medal Analysis 

Salt Lake 2002 Torino 2006 Vancouver 2010

Sochi   2014

Gold medal rank

11 9 11 -

Medals

Gold - 3   Silver - 3
Bronze -3  Total - 9

Gold - 2
Silver - 2
Bronze - 4
Total - 8

Gold -1
Silver - 1
Bronze - 3
Total - 7

Gold - 0
Silver - 0
Bronze - 0
Total - 0

Number of sport medals won

3 1 2 0

Number of sports two or more medal won (multi-medal)

2 1 2 0
 Alpine skiing  1 - 3 - 2 = 6  2 - 2 - 2 = 4  0 - 2 - 2 = 4
 Biathlon  0 - 0 - 1 = 1    
 Cross country skiing  2 - 0 - 0 = 2    1 - 1 - 1 = 3  



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International networking

  • The ASC's principal sport information contact on the ground in Italy is 

Results analysis

  • Detailed sports reports pending

System strengths

  • Government funds CONI  and delegates it to deliver sport policy.
  • Italy has access to strong European competitions in sports such as athletics, swimming, basketball, football, water polo etc.
  • Military employ athletes but they do not perform traditional military duties. The military provides these athletes with all training, travel and living expenses. 
  • Critical mass of talented athletes in some sports from a population of $61 million.
  • A climate that is predominantly Mediterranean with alpine in the far north and hot and dry in south assisting the development of summer and winter Olympic sports.

 System weaknesses

  • Global economic crisis led to a significant reduction in government funding to CONI.
  • Italy sport system has not performed to expectations particularly due to its population and location in Europe.

Relevance to Australian Environment

  • CONI is responsible for funding national sports organisations


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