Sports Nutrition

Sports Nutrition
Prepared by  Prepared by: Christine May, Senior Research Consultant, Clearinghouse for Sport, Sport Australia (formerly Australian Sports Commission)
evaluated by  Evaluation by: Professor Louise Burke OAM, Head of Discipline, Sports Nutrition, Australian Institute of Sport; Michelle Minehan, Manager Clinical Services, Sports Nutrition, Australian Institute of Sport
Reviewed by  Reviewed by network: Australian Sport Information Network (AUSPIN)
Last updated  Last updated: 19 March 2018
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Sport Australia


Sports nutrition involves the science and practice of eating to promote optimal health and performance.  It plays an important role in supporting the performance of elite athletes. 

The athlete’s background diet should meet their needs for growth and function—with special attention to the timing and quantity of intake of nutrients that will support the fuel and fluid needs of training, and promote recovery and adaptation.  The everyday training diet should support the athlete to stay healthy, maintain optimal body composition, and support desirable physiological adaptations to training.

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